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Location Timor-Leste, Lautem
Central coordinates 127o 12.00' East  8o 27.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 55,797 ha
Altitude 0 - 960m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Site description “A wild area of moist deciduous lowland forest with some mixed evergreen forest on the hills. The area [also] contains the interesting lake and swamps of Ira Lalaro” (FAO/UNDP 1982). There is an extensive intact range of habitats from the coast to karst hills lakes, rivers and swamps. Forest types include semi-evergreen, moist deciduous, dry deciduous, swamp forest and coastal strand vegetation. Sandlund et al. (2001) identified this area as having the best remaining ‘primary’ forest in Timor-Leste, based on a rapid reconnaissance by helicopter.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea resident  2007  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Dusky Cuckoo-dove Macropygia magna 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Black Cuckoo-dove Turacoena modesta resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Timor Green-pigeon Treron psittaceus resident  2007  present  A1, A2  Endangered 
Pink-headed Imperial-pigeon Ducula rosacea resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Jonquil Parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Streaky-breasted Honeyeater Meliphaga reticulata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Plain Friarbird Philemon inornatus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Yellow-eared Honeyeater Lichmera flavicans 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Red-rumped Myzomela Myzomela vulnerata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Figbird Sphecotheres viridis 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Olive-brown Oriole Oriolus melanotis 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Timor Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus presbytes 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted White-eye Heleia muelleri resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Orange-banded Thrush Zoothera peronii resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Bushchat Saxicola gutturalis resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis resident  2007  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Timor Blue-flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Red-chested Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Flame-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia solaris 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 
Tricoloured Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor 2007  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Monte Paitchau (prop. Nino Conis Santana National Park) National Park 50,000 is identical to site 25,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical); Semi-evergreen rain forest (tropical)  major
Wetlands (inland)   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland minor
agriculture minor
hunting minor
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation minor

Protection status Proposed as a Wildlife Sanctuary by FAO/UNDP (1982) with a suggestion that this site might be combined with Lore (IBA TL06) and Jaco Island (IBA TL08) and considered for National Park status. The combination of these sites was gazetted as a Nature Reserve (SK Menhut No. 672/Kpts-II/1996) according to Ora (2000). Part of this area (“Tutuala beach together with forest adjacent to the beach”) was recognised by UNTAET (2000) as a Protected Wild Area under Regulation Number 2000/19. This IBA (together with IBAs TL06 and TL08 and other adjacent terrestrial and marine areas) has just been declared by the Government of Timor-Leste as Nino Konis Santana National Park.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Monte Paitchau (proposed Conis Santana National Park). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014

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